Minor Pests
Flower sucking insect
Diplogomphus hewiti
Flowers
Indonesia
Cut and remove infected flowers and possible weed hosts
Spray insecticides at three weeks interval during flowering and setting fruit period
Berry sucking insect
Dasynus piperis
Berries
Indonesia
Remove infected berries and weeds
Spray insecticides at three weeks interval during fruiting period
Grasshoppers
Xenocatantops humilis
Leaves
India
Leafhoppers
Amrasca devastans
Leaves
India
Whiteflies
Aleurocanthus piperis,
A. dispersus
Leaves
India
Aphids
Toxoptera aurantii
Shoots, leaves
India
Mirid bugs
Helopeltis antonii,
Disphinctus maesarum
Shoots, leaves
India
Root grubs
Holotrichia fissa
Roots
India
Stem borers
Diboma procera, Pterolophia annulata
Stem
India
Beetles
Neculla pollinaria, Pagria costatipennis, Hermaeophaga sp., Lanka sp.
Leaves
India
Gall midges
Cecidomyia malabarensis
Berries, leaf stalks, leaf veins, shoots
India
Caterpillars
Spodoptera litura, Synegia sp., Latoia lepida, Cricula trifenestrata, Thosea sinensis
Leaves
India